Employee training and development is the core function of human resource management. It ensures continuous skill development through various means of learning so as to obtain quality output from employees.
Training refers to the process of acquiring certain skill set or polishing of existing skill set for attaining higher position. Development means to identify the individual needs, abilities and goals and the organization’s job demands and job rewards through well designed programmes of career development matching abilities with demands and rewards.
Employee training methods are categorised into on-job training methods and off job training methods.
- On-the-job training methods: Job rotation, coaching, job instruction, committee assignments, apprenticeship and internship
- Of the job training methods: Classroom lecture method, audiovisual training method, simulation, bistable training, case studies, role playing and the programmed instruction method.