The approach to scientific management advocated by F.W. Taylor is based upon the below mentioned principles.
Development of Science as a replacement of rule of thumb –This principle emphasized on adopting new scientific ways to do work quickly and efficiently instead of following the old, traditional techniques.
- Taylor suggested that work assigned to a worker should be monitored and analyzed in context of part and time involved in doing it.
- It emphasized on replacing the traditional ‘rule of thumb’ with the method of analysis, data collection, examination and formation of rules.
- This is because decisions under scientific management are made on the basis of facts and by using scientific ways.
Scientific Procedures to Select, Train and Develop leaders
- Workers should be selected using scientifically designed procedures.
- Physical, mental & other requirements should be enlisted for each job.
- Employees should be selected & trained accordingly to make them fit for the job.
- Management should offer good opportunities for the development of employees with better potential and skills.
- Efforts should be made to improve employees to their greatest level, efficiency & prosperity.
Co-operation between Management & Employees
- There should be no individualism and managers and workers should consider each other as “important” for the organization.
- Only co-operation can help achieve company goals efficiently.
- There should be no discord between managers & employees.
- Interest of both managers and employees should be harmonized to secure understanding and cordial relations between them.
Division of Responsibility – This principle aims at determining the real nature of roles to be played by managers & workers at different levels.
- While the management is responsible for planning the work. Employees should take it as their responsibility to execute the work.
- Hence, there should be proper planning and execution.
- Both employees and managers should completely respect and value each others’ efforts and work. They should change their outlook towards their mutual relation also.
- Managers are required to create appropriate working conditions for the peers and solve all the issues scientifically.
- Likewise, employees should perform their jobs with extreme attention, dedication and carefulness, without wasting the resources of enterprise.
- Managers should offer handsome remuneration to the employees to boost their moral. This also creates a sense of belongingness among them.
- When employees get satisfactory remuneration, they work sincerely in a disciplined manner and with loyalty.
- This, in turn, helps in increased productivity and economical growth of the organization at a faster rate.
Maximum Success for Employer & Workers – This principle states that organizations should take care that managers and employees are being allotted work according to their ability and interest and even paid accordingly.
- The aim of scientific management is to maximize the prosperity of both managers and employees.
- It is possible only when each worker gets opportunity to attain the highest level of efficiency.
- With maximum output & optimal utilization of resources, employers can gain higher profits and workers can get better wages.
- Organizations should follow the principle of “maximum output in place of restricted output”.
The Principles of Scientific Management are widely practiced. These principles result in cooperation between managers and employees that eventually develops into teamwork. Scientific management has made many significant contributions to the development of management practice.